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History of the first landing on the moon of Apollo 11

On July 16, 1969, at 9:32 a.m. Florida time (corresponding to 1:32 p.m. GMT), the Saturn V rocket was launched. Launched from Cape Canaveral ... Above this rocket is the Apollo 11 spacecraft carrying three astronauts, Neil Armstrong Commander-in-Chief Michael Collins, driver of the Command and Service Module, nicknamed "Columbia" and Buzz Aldrin Landing on the Moon (Lunar Module), nicknamed the "Eagle".

2 minutes and 42 seconds after firing from the ground, the first stage of the Saturn V rocket is disconnected from the rocket body and the engine of the first stage. 2 (Second Stage) also began to run. 9 minutes and 9 seconds, the second stage also broke away, and the third stage (Third Stage) continued to lead Apollo 11. Put in orbit around the planet.
After flying for 2 hours and 44 minutes and traveling around the Earth for a round and a half, the third segment of the Saturn V rocket started to start the engine. Once again, to push the Apollo 11 spacecraft out of Earth's orbit and head toward the moon.

On July 19, after spending three days flying through space at a distance of nearly 400,000 kilometers, Apollo 11 traveled. Arrive at the moon, initially flying past the moon and then slowing down to fly into orbit Road around the moon.
On July 20, after flying around the moon for several cycles, it may be in a stable orbit according to Wanted already, two astronauts, Neil Armstrong and Bes Alderin, also entered the Lunar Module and detached from the spacecraft for landing. On the moon, Michael Collins, in a Command and Service Module, hovered above in orbit around the moon.
At 8:17 pm on July 20, Lunar Module landed on the moon in an area known as the Sea of Tranquility. After resting in the spacecraft for about three hours, the two astronauts began to prepare to leave the spacecraft by Neil Armstrong. You first go down the escalator and become the first person in history to step on the moon at 2:56 minutes past midnight on July 21, about 20 minutes before Adrian.
Neil Armstrong and Bes Alderine spent a total of 21 hours and 36 minutes on the moon, most of which were spent working and resting. Inside the spacecraft, more than two hours are spent working directly on the moon to conduct scientific experiments and collect Moonstone back to Earth to continue studying the moon in detail.
At 5:54 pm on July 21, Neil Armstrong and Bes Alderin also flew from the surface of the moon using the upper part. Of the Lunar Module. In fact, the Lunar Module is divided into two parts, the lower part is called the "Descent Stage" and is used for landing. The moon and later used as a launch pad for launching the so-called "Ascent Stage" to bring astronauts out of space. The moon returns to the spacecraft flying above the orbit in orbit around the moon.
After flying to connect with the spacecraft, Neil Armstrong and Bes Alderin transferred to the spacecraft, the last part of the Lunar Module This was also disconnected before starting the spacecraft's motor to leave the orbit around the moon, flying back to The planet takes three days, just like when it flew from Earth.
In fact, this large vehicle or Command and Service Module is also divided into two, the Service Module, which is a large, cylindrical part and has Load the engine system for operating the vehicle and the Command Module, which is a small conical front part, which is the cockpit containing both astronauts. 3 photos.
As the spacecraft approaches Earth, the Command Module and Service Module are disconnected, leaving only one Command Module. Fly down to earth.

After slowing down due to friction with the Earth's atmosphere and later due to the parachute, the Command Module dropped into the Great The Pacific Ocean, with a US aircraft carrier waiting nearby.
The three astronauts on the Apollo 11 mission have returned to Earth safely, bringing with them about 22 lunar rocks. Kilograms to study, but they also left a lot of things on the moon. In addition to the lower part of the Lunar Module, there is the American flag, a disk with the message of the leaders of 73 countries, a sign that The signatures of US President Richard Nixon and the three Apollo 11 astronauts, along with the words "Mankind has landed on the moon" In the intention of peace ("Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the Moon. July 1969, A.D. We came in peace for all mankind.").
In addition to these official memorabilia, Apollo 11 astronauts also left personal memories, including American astronaut name tags. Three who lost their lives in the Apollo I mission (1967) and, more importantly, Neil Armstrong and Bes Adrian also left a tag. The names of two Soviet astronauts, Vladimir Kormarov, who died during the mission (1967), and Yuri Gagarin, are still known as humans. The first to fly out into space.

Leaving the name of the Soviet astronaut, an adversary at the height of the Cold War, is a gesture for astronauts. Apollo, despite being divided on land, is a country of conflict and rivalry, but in space success in In landing on the moon, it is the common success of all mankind.

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